Birds and Buildings: Case Study for How Our Built Environment Can Better Support Urban Wildlife


More than half of the world’s people now live in ever-expanding urban environments. Historically, our built environment did not consider the ecological needs of non-human animals. The relationship of the built environment to all natural phenomena is very complex, providing multiple opportunities in the built environment for law, urban planning and design to better support ecological needs of non-human animals.

Ralph Blessing, Ph.D., Adjunct Assistant Professor, Urban Planning Program, CUNY/Hunter College
J. Alan Clark, Ph.D., J.D., Associate Professor, Program Coordinator – Conservation Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University
Terri Matthews, Director, Town+Gown, New York City Department of Design and Construction
Stefan Knust, AIA, LEED AP, Senior Associate, Director of Sustainability, ENNEAD ARCHITECTS LLP
Glenn Phillips, CUNY Urban Sustainability Program; co-author, Bird-friendly Design, 2nd Ed
John McLaughlin, Managing Director, Bureau of Environmental Planning & Analysis, Office of Ecosystem Services, Green Infrastructure and Research, New York City Department of Environmental Protection
Dr. Ellen Pehek, Ph.D., Chief Research Ecologist, Natural Resources Group, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation