Formal Ethics Opinions

The Committee on Professional Ethics issues two types of advisory opinions. Formal Opinions, published below, provide general guidance to lawyers admitted to practice in New York state concerning their obligations under the New York Rules of Professional Conduct (the "New York Rules"). Informal Opinions are issued in response to specific inquiries by lawyers admitted to practice in New York state, and are not published on the New York City Bar website. For information on how to request an Informal Opinion, please click here.

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Formal Opinion 2015-2: Nonrefundable Monthly Fee in a Retainer Agreement

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Formal Opinion 2015-1: Professional Employer Organization: Use by a law firm of a Professional Employer Organization

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Formal Opinion 2014-3: New York Attorney May Not Charge Client's Credit Card Account After Client Disputes Bill

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Formal Opinion 2014-2: Use of a Virtual Law Office by New York Attorneys

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Formal Opinion 2014-1:  Ethical Considerations for Lawyers Contemplating Business Arrangements with Non-Legal Organizations

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Formal Opinion 2013-3: "Of Counsel" Designation for New York Attorney Practicing Law in a Foreign Country

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Formal Opinion 2013-2: A lawyer’s obligation to take action if, after the conclusion of a proceeding, the lawyer comes to know that material evidence offered by the lawyer, the lawyer’s client or a witness called by the lawyer during the proceeding was false.

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Formal Opinion 2013-1: Duties to Prospective Clients After Beauty Contests and Other Preliminary Meetings

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Formal Opinion 2012-2: Jury Research And Social Media

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Formal Opinion 2012-1: Obligations Upon Receiving A Document Not Intended For The Recipient

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Formal Opinion 2011-2: Third Party Litigation Financing

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Formal Opinion 2011-1: Contacting Former Clients Represented by Successor Counsel

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