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Association By-laws


I Presiding Officers

At all meetings of the Association, the President, or, in the absence of the President, one of the Vice Presidents, or, in the absence of all of them, the Chair of the Executive Committee, or in the absence of such Chair, any member selected by the members present shall preside. The President may designate the order in which Vice Presidents shall preside at meetings of the Association in the absence of the President.

II Meetings of the Association

1. The President shall prepare the agenda for every meeting of the Association and transmit it to the Secretary, who shall make it a part of the notice of the meeting. In addition to such items as the President shall determine to be appropriate, the President shall include in the agenda any item directed to be included by the Executive Committee. Notice of any annual or special meeting of the Association shall be mailed to each member, if by first class or electronic mail, not less than ten nor more than fifty days before the date of the meeting; if mailed by any other class of mail, not less than thirty nor more than sixty days before the date of the meeting. No resolution may be considered at any meeting of the Association unless a copy thereof and a report of a committee of the Association or of an individual member or a group of members in support of such resolution, or a summary of such report, are mailed to the membership with or prior to the notice of the meeting.

2. The President or other presiding officer at any meeting of the Association shall determine the order of business. This order may be changed by vote of a majority of the members present and voting at such meeting.

3. The usual parliamentary rules of order shall govern all meetings of the Association, except in cases otherwise provided for by the constitution or by-laws.

4. Unless otherwise ordered by the Association, every matter presented at any meeting of the Association, which by its terms or in the judgment of the presiding officer shall require reference to a committee, shall be referred by such officer to the appropriate committee, or, if there be no such committee, to the Executive Committee. The committee to which such reference is made shall report thereon to the Association at its next annual meeting, or at a special meeting called for that purpose, unless the resolution of the Association, or the terms of reference to such committee, shall otherwise provide or unless the time to report is extended by the Association. If, within the time so limited, no report is made, the committee may be deemed to have been discharged from further consideration of the subject, and the matter may again be referred or disposed of in such manner as the Association shall deem proper.

5. Only the following actions shall be permitted on any resolution submitted to any meeting of the Association:

(a) That the resolution be amended, provided that the presiding officer of the meeting rules that the proposed amendment does not substantially vary the terms of the resolution as circulated to the membership. There shall be no appeal from the ruling of the presiding officer;

(b) That the resolution be "approved";

(c) That the resolution be "disapproved";

(d) That the resolution be "referred" either to the Executive Committee or to some other standing or special committee of the Association; or

(e) That the Association take "no action or position" on the resolution.

6. As soon as practicable after the annual meeting, the charter, constitution, by-laws, list of Association committees and their jurisdiction, names of officers, members of the committees and members of the Association and such other matters as the President of the Association or the Executive Committee shall direct, shall be made available to members of the Association.

7. The President shall annually prepare an annual report which, together with the annual reports of the other officers of the Association and of the committees, shall be made available to the members of the Association in such manner as the President shall determine.

III Mail Ballot

1. If a resolution proposing to express the position of the Association on a matter of general public interest is considered at any meeting of the Association in accordance with the provisions of By-Law II and is "disapproved" by a majority of the meeting, the presiding officer of the meeting shall put the following question: "Shall the resolution be submitted to the entire membership by a mail ballot?"

2. If one-third of those members present at the meeting and voting vote in the affirmative, a mail ballot will be held as promptly as circumstances permit on the same resolution as was presented to the meeting.

3. The ballot shall be limited to two questions only: (1) Do you approve the resolution as stated? (2) Do you disapprove the resolution as stated?

4. The President, the Chair of the Executive Committee and two members among those present to be designated by the President shall constitute a special committee to supervise the ballot.

5. The result of the mail ballot shall be the action of the Association and in accordance with Article VIII of the constitution shall not, within three years after the taking of the ballot, be reversed or modified except at a meeting of the Association by a vote of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting at such meeting.

IV President

The President, subject to the direction of the Executive Committee, shall exercise the powers and perform the duties assigned in these by-laws, and be the chief executive officer of the Association, and, subject to the constitution and by-laws, shall generally supervise the management of the affairs of the Association. At the annual meeting the President shall make a statement relative to the condition, activities and progress of the Association.

V Vice President

1. The Vice Presidents shall perform such duties as may be assigned to them by the President or by the Executive Committee.

2. The Executive Committee shall designate one of the Vice Presidents to discharge the duties of the President whenever in its discretion the Committee decides that the disability or absence of the President makes such designation advisable.

VI Secretary

1. The Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of all meetings of the Association, and of all other matters of which a record shall be ordered by the Association.

2. The Secretary shall notify the officers and members of elected committees of their nomination or election and members of appointed committees of their appointment.

3. The Secretary shall mail notices of all meetings and copies of committee reports to be considered at meetings, and, in the case of special meetings, shall add a brief note of the object of the call.

4. The Secretary shall be the keeper of the seal of the Association.

5. The Secretary shall perform such other duties as may from time to time be assigned by the President or the Executive Committee or as are set forth in these by-laws.

VII Treasurer

1. The Treasurer shall keep a complete roll of the members. Under the direction of the Executive Committee, the Treasurer shall collect and disburse all funds of the Association, and keep regular accounts in books belonging to the Association, which shall be open to the inspection of any member of the Executive Committee.

2. At the annual meeting of the Association, and at each regular meeting of the Executive Committee, the Treasurer shall submit a report as to the financial condition of the Association. At special meetings of the Association the Treasurer shall make such reports as he or she may deem appropriate or as the President or the Executive Committee may direct.

3. At the annual meeting the Treasurer shall make a full report of the financial transactions of the Association for the past fiscal year and of its financial condition at the close of such year.

4. The Treasurer shall perform such other duties as may from time to time be assigned by the President or the Executive Committee or as are set forth elsewhere in these by-laws.

VIII Executive Committee

1. The Executive Committee shall meet at least once in each month except July and August. [1] A meeting may, however, be called at any time by the President or by the Chair of the Executive Committee. Eight members, whether elected or ex officio members, shall constitute a quorum. The Executive Committee shall elect a Chair and a Secretary in May of each year, prior to the Annual Meeting; the Chair shall not vote on matters before the Executive Committee except in case of a tie vote.

2. The President or Chair of the Executive Committee shall have the power to determine that extraordinary circumstances exist such that any one or more members of the Executive Committee may participate in a meeting of the Executive Committee by means of conference telephone or similar communication equipment allowing all persons participating in such a meeting to hear each other at the same time. Participation by such means shall be equivalent to participating in person at a meeting. This section shall not apply to appeals from a finding of the Committee on the Judiciary pursuant to Article XVII.

3. In addition to such powers as are specifically conferred upon it by the constitution or by any other by-law, the general management of the affairs of the Association shall be subject to the direction of the Executive Committee and it may make such regulations as the Committee deems advisable, not inconsistent with the constitution and by-laws. It shall keep a record of its proceedings, and shall make a report of its activities at the annual meeting of the Association, and at any meeting may report on any matter that in its judgment should be brought to the attention of the Association.

4. Unless otherwise ordered by the Association, it shall be the duty of the Executive Committee to take appropriate action to implement, so far as possible, any resolution adopted by the Association at any meeting.

5. The Executive Committee shall, prior to May 1 in each year, adopt a budget providing for the probable expenditures by the Association for the ensuing fiscal year; no expenditures shall be made during such year for which appropriations are not provided in that budget without the approval of the Executive Committee.

6. The Executive Committee may from time to time by vote of a majority of the entire Executive Committee, elect a Subcommittee on Administration, [2] which shall consist of three or more members of the Executive Committee, and which shall, to the extent permitted by the not-for-profit corporation law of the State of New York, have such powers as the Executive Committee shall determine, including the power to fix the salary and other compensation of principal senior staff. The Subcommittee shall prepare and present to the Executive Committee at an April meeting in each year a budget providing a detailed estimate of the receipts and disbursements of the Association for the fiscal year beginning on May 1 of such year, and shall perform such other duties in connection with the finances of the Association as may from time to time be assigned to it by the Executive Committee or the President.

7. The Executive Committee may, after notice and an opportunity to be heard, and upon the vote of seventy-five percent of the total number of members of the Executive Committee remove for cause any officer of the Association or member of the Executive Committee or Audit Committee.

IX Committee on Audit

The Committee on Audit shall meet at least twice each year. It shall:

1. Meet with the independent auditors to discuss the scope of the annual examination.

2. Review the annual report of the auditors including the financial statements and management letter or recommendations on internal control.

3. Meet with the Treasurer to discuss and review the system of internal controls and procedures, the quality of the staff in the Treasurer's office, and the financial statements.

4. Direct and supervise special investigations of the accounting affairs of the Association.

5. Recommend to the Executive Committee the appointment of independent auditors for the ensuing fiscal year.

X Membership

1. Any member of the profession may become a member of the Association, subject to the provisions of paragraph 5 of this By-Law. The application form for a prospective member shall concisely state the applicant's legal education, professional employment, and such other information as may be required by the Executive Committee to determine the appropriate class of membership. Said application for membership shall be accompanied by payment of any applicable admission fee and dues for the current half year.

2. Pending admission to the profession, a law school graduate who is qualified to apply for admission to the Bar of the State of New York may become a member of the Association, subject to the provisions of paragraph 5 of this By-law. The application form for a prospective law school graduate member shall concisely state the applicant's legal education, present or anticipated professional employment, pending or anticipated applications for admission to the profession, and such other affirmation as may be required by the Executive Committee to determine the appropriate class of membership. Said application for membership shall be accompanied by payment of any applicable admission fee and dues for the current half year. Any law school graduate member shall, within two years of the date of his or her graduation from law school, certify to the Membership Department that he or she has become a member of the profession. Failure to so certify shall result in termination of membership effective two years from graduation from law school.[3] Disapproval of the application for admission to the bar of a law school graduate member by a Character and Fitness Committee of any Appellate Division in the State of New York, or by any equivalent authority in another state, shall result in termination of membership effective as of the date of said disapproval.

3. Any law student in good standing in a law school accredited by the American Bar Association may become a member of the Association, subject to the provisions of paragraph 5 of this By-law. The application form for a prospective law student member shall concisely state the applicant's law school, expected year of graduation and such other information as may be required by the Executive Committee to determine the applicant's status. Such application shall be accompanied by payment of the annual dues. Law student members shall maintain membership status so long as they remain a law student in good standing in a law school accredited by the American Bar Association. Law student annual membership shall run from September 1 to August 31 except that in the law student member's last year of law school the annual membership shall run from September 1 to the member's date of graduation. Upon law school graduation law student members shall be deemed to be law graduate members under Section 2 of this By-Law.

4. There shall be notice of pendency of membership applications to the Executive Committee prior to each regular Executive Committee meeting.

5. Unless otherwise determined by the Executive Committee, all persons whose pending applications for membership have been noticed to the Executive Committee shall become members of the Association at the conclusion of the Executive Committee meeting prior to which notice has been given.

XI Dues, Admission Fees and Other Charges

1. Dues, admission fees and other charges assessed to members of the Association, classifications of membership, and the rules relating to such dues, admission fees, charges and classifications, shall be established by the Executive Committee. The Executive Committee may change the dues and admission fees of classes of members by a two-thirds vote of the Executive Committee, following 60 days’ notice to the membership. Dues and admission fees for membership classifications shall be posted on the Association’s website or otherwise made available to the Association’s membership.

2. Classification of Members. The Treasurer is authorized to classify and reclassify individual members and to assess appropriate dues.

3. The members shall pay such assessments as shall be approved by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members present and voting at any stated or special meeting of the Association provided that notice of a proposed assessment shall have been included by the Secretary in the notice of such meeting. The Treasurer shall send notice to each member stating the amount of any assessment upon each such member and the date on which such assessment is payable. Any member who shall fail to pay an assessment within thirty days after same becomes payable shall be given written notice by the Treasurer of the amount due. Until payment of this indebtedness, a member given such written notice shall be subject to the restrictions imposed by Section 4 of this by-law.

4. Any member who shall be in default in the payment of the admission fee, dues, charges or other assessment who has not paid this indebtedness within thirty days of receiving a notice of such indebtedness may be struck from the membership roll by the Executive Committee, without further notice, and thereupon that person shall cease to be a member of the Association. A member given written notice of indebtedness as above provided shall not be entitled to the use of any of the consultation or committee rooms of the Association, nor to any privilege for which a special charge may be made.

5. Any member may resign from the Association upon payment of all dues and admission fees and other charges and assessments owed to the date of such resignation, provided that if a resignation is submitted within one hundred and twenty days after the date when such member's dues for the current period first become payable, and if such dues have not been paid, the payment thereof may in the Treasurer's discretion be waived.

6. Any member who has resigned, or whose name has been stricken from the roll for nonpayment of dues or admission fees or other charges or assessments shall be reinstated, unless otherwise determined by the Executive Committee, subject to the payment of such person's dues for the current period (unless such person's application is made less than sixty days before the close of the dues period), and, in the case of a member dropped for nonpayment, the payment of all amounts owed at the time when such person's name was stricken from the roll, provided that the Executive Committee may in its discretion waive payment of such amounts owed.

7. Upon written application to the Membership Department, any member shall be exempt from the payment of dues and assessments while serving in the armed forces of the United States .

8. The Executive Committee may in its discretion reduce the dues and assessments of, or exempt from the payment thereof, for such period as the Executive Committee may determine, any member of the Association who has paid dues for forty or more years, or any other member for good cause shown.[4]

9. The Executive Committee may, in its discretion, exempt any person or class of persons proposed for membership in the Association from the payment of dues or admission fees or reduce the dues or admission fees payable by any such person or class of persons. [5]

XII General Provisions Applicable to Committees

Unless otherwise expressly provided in the constitution or by-laws or in the authority creating any committee, the following provisions shall apply to all committees:

(a) The Executive Committee shall have the power to create, eliminate and amend the name and jurisdiction of all standing and special committees not expressly provided for herein. All other committees may be created either by the Executive Committee or the President, and whichever created the committee shall have the power to eliminate and amend the name and jurisdiction of said committee.

(b) Standing Committees. Each standing committee shall consist of such number of members as shall be determined by the Executive Committee, [6] which number shall be divided by the President into three classes of equal number, initially to serve one, two and three years, each succeeding class to serve three years. One-third of the members shall be appointed each year. The President may, with the approval of the Executive Committee and prior to the first annual meeting of each committee, increase or decrease the number of members of a committee in units of three within the limits set forth herein. In reducing the number of members of a committee, the President may reassign members to different classes but shall not remove from the committee or decrease the term of any member theretofore appointed.

(c) Special Committees. Each special committee shall be established for a term not to exceed three years, after which time the Executive Committee shall review the purpose and performance of the committee and determine whether the committee shall continue and for what duration and otherwise exercise the powers granted to the Executive Committee in paragraph XII (a).

(d) Joint Committees. The Executive Committee or the President may from time to time authorize the formation of joint committees, with membership representing this Association and one or more bar associations or other organizations or groups, and define the powers of such joint committees, and may at any time withdraw therefrom.

(e) Appointment. The President shall appoint the Chair and members of all committees and fill all vacancies. Appointments shall be made as soon after the President's election as practicable and, in the case of newly created committees, as soon as practicable after the committee is created.

(f) Chairs. Chairs of committees shall be appointed for one year. A Chair of a standing committee may not be reappointed after having served as Chair for three consecutive years until one year after the expiration of such term.

(g) Tenure of Members. Except as otherwise provided herein, members of standing committees shall be appointed for terms of three years, but a member may not be reappointed to the same committee until one year after the expiration of such term. A member who has been appointed to complete an unexpired term may be reappointed for a three-year or shorter term. Law Student Members of committees shall be appointed for terms of one year, and may be reappointed to successive one year terms so long as they remain as Student Members.

(h) Law Student Members. Law Student Members shall not be voting members of committees and shall not be counted for the purposes of Section (a) of this By-Law.

(i) Unexcused Absence. If a committee member is absent without being excused by the Chair in any one year from three meetings of the committee or of a subcommittee of which such person is a member, that fact shall be reported by the Chair in writing to the President and the President may deem the member's place on the committee vacant and appoint a successor.

(j) Removal. The President may, with the approval of the Executive Committee, remove a committee member or Chair for cause.

(k) Committee Year. The committee year shall run from September 1 through August 31.

(l) Organization. Each committee shall meet and organize within such time as the President may direct, but in any event not later than October 31.

(m) Procedure at Committee Meetings. Each committee may fix its own time and place of meeting and regulate its procedure, consistent with the constitution and by-laws, and subject to review by the President or the Executive Committee. Each committee shall keep a record of the attendance and proceedings at its meetings.

(n) Budget and Financial Statements. The Chair of any committee may at any time make application to the Treasurer for appropriation of funds for the work of such committee. No committee shall have authority to incur any indebtedness or pecuniary obligations for which the Association shall be responsible except to the extent previously authorized by the President or the Executive Committee.

(o) Annual Reports. At such times as the President or the Executive Committee may direct, each committee shall make an annual report in writing summarizing its activities and proceedings since its last previous annual report (except such matters as by law or these by-laws are required to be kept confidential), and making any suggestions it deems appropriate as to its powers, duties or activities. Such report shall be filed with the Executive Director of the Association. Each committee shall also make such interim reports as the President, the Executive Committee or the Association may from time to time direct.

XIII Powers of Committees

Unless otherwise expressly provided in the constitution or by-laws or in the authority creating any committee, and subject to the requirements and limitations contained in this by-law, each committee may exercise the following general powers with respect to all matters within its jurisdiction:

(a) General Powers. To consider all such matters and to publish reports, conclusions and recommendations with respect thereto and to take such other action on behalf of the Association as the committee may find advisable. [7]

(b) Pending and Proposed Legislation. To examine existing and proposed laws, proposals for legislation, pending before any state or local legislative body or executive or before the Congress or the President of the United States, existing and proposed rules and regulations of any Federal, state or municipal court, commission, department or agency, and trade practices, customs and usages, and their operations; and on behalf of the Association and subject to the provisions of By-Law XIV to publish reports and recommendations with respect thereto and to promote or oppose the same.

(c) Appearance Before Public Bodies. To advise, consult and cooperate with Federal, state and local legislative bodies, commissions, departments or agencies, and, with the approval of the President or the Executive Committee, to authorize the Chair and members of the committee personally to appear before any legislative, administrative or other public body to express the views of the Association.

(d) Staff, Amicus Curiae. With the approval of the President, to employ legal counsel, clerical and other staff assistants and consultants, to appear as amicus curiae in legal proceedings and to submit briefs and take such other steps with respect to such legal proceedings as the President may find appropriate, provided that the President shall promptly advise the Executive Committee of any such approval or disapproval. To the extent appropriate, Article XIV of these by-laws relating to coordination of committee action shall apply to such briefs.

(e) Conduct of Public Officials. To investigate and report to the Association or the Executive Committee on the conduct of any public official, including but not limited to public officials of the United States and of the State or City of New York, and to take such action with respect to such report as the Association or the Executive Committee may approve or direct.

(f) Professional Education and Organizations. To assist in arranging, in cooperation with the Executive Director, for continuing legal education programs, lectures, forums and courses of study; members to give lectures and and to cooperate with other bar association and professional and lay groups in promoting and effectuating the purposes and objectives of the Association.

XIV Coordination of Committee Action

Not withstanding any other provisions of these by-laws, all committees are subject to the following provisions:

(a) Association Direction. Committees shall be subject at all times to such directions as may be given at any meeting of the Association or by the Executive Committee respecting action taken or proposed to be taken on behalf of the Association.

(b) Action on Association Behalf. No committee shall commit the Association or take action on its behalf in conflict with any action previously taken at a meeting of the Association or by the Executive Committee until the proposed action is considered and approved at a meeting of the Association or by the Executive Committee respectively. The Executive Committee may waive the requirements of the foregoing sentence in the event time does not permit or in the Executive Committee's judgment the nature of the proposed committee action does not warrant submission to the Association.

(c) President To Determine Jurisdiction. Any question arising as to whether a subject is within the jurisdiction of a committee shall be submitted to the President and determined in accordance with the procedures provided in section (g) of this by-law.

(d) Conflict in Jurisdiction. If any question arises as to which of two or more committees has jurisdiction over the same matter, or if two or more committees have jurisdiction over the same matter or over matters that are so closely related that coordinated action by such committees would be desirable, the committees involved, or their Chairs, may agree to act jointly or may authorize one or more of the committees involved to act on the matter. If the committees or their Chairs are unable to reach agreement, the question shall be submitted to the President and determined in accordance with the procedures provided in section (h) of this by-law.

(e) Conflict in Conclusions. If any committee prepares a report or reaches a conclusion in conflict with any report or conclusion of any other committee, whether or not such other report or conclusion has been published or made public, or proposes to take action on behalf of the Association in conflict with the action taken or proposed to be taken on behalf of the Association by any other committee, the committees involved, or their Chairs, shall consult with each other in an effort to resolve such conflict, and if such committees, or their Chairs, are unable to do so, the dispute shall be submitted to the President and determined in accordance with the procedures provided in section (h) of this by-law.

(f) Pre-Publication Clearance of Committee Reports. No committee shall publish any report or conclusion or recommendation on behalf of the Association or otherwise commit the Association with respect to any matter until ten days after such report or a written statement of such conclusion or recommendation has been filed with the President and with such other office of the Association as the President shall direct. [8] When necessary, the President or the Chair of the Executive Committee may waive the foregoing ten-day requirement with respect to a specific matter. In addition, the President may waive the foregoing ten-day requirement with respect to a class or classes of such matters. The presentation of a report at a meeting of the Association is not a publication within the meaning of this provision.

(g) Resolution of Disputes. The President may decide any question or dispute submitted pursuant to this by-law, or refer such question or dispute for decision to the Association or the Executive Committee or for decision or advice to a special committee or to an ad hoc conference group established by the President. Until such question or dispute is resolved, no committee shall publish any report or conclusion or commit the Association with respect to the matters submitted. The decision of the President or other deciding body shall promptly be communicated to the Chairs of the committees concerned. The decision of the President or of any special committee or ad hoc conference group deciding such matter shall be submitted for review to the Executive Committee in the event that the Chair of any committee concerned promptly requests such a review upon being advised of the decision, and in such event no committee shall publish any report or conclusion or commit the Association with respect to such matter pending the decision of the Executive Committee.

(h) Procedures for Prohibition of Committee Publications. The President or the Executive Committee may require any committee to refrain from publishing its report or conclusions or from committing or taking action on behalf of the Association pending further action by the Executive Committee, or by the Association in the event the Executive Committee requires the matter to be submitted to the Association. Upon its review of such report, conclusions or other proposed committee action, the Executive Committee may approve the same, remit the matter for further consideration to an appropriate committee or committees, direct the submission of the matter to the Association, require the committee to refrain from publishing its report or conclusions or acting in the name of the Association, or take such other action as the Executive Committee may deem advisable.

(i) Committee Publications-Form. The President shall determine the form, media and frequency of publication and publicity of committee reports or conclusions or shall establish procedures for the determination thereof. Each committee shall comply with such procedures concerning the publication of and publicity to be given to its reports and conclusions, and in publishing or giving publicity to its reports or conclusions shall conform to such procedures with respect thereto.

XV Court Committees

In addition to the general powers contained in By-Law XIII, each committee listed in By-Law XVI has the following powers with respect to all courts within its jurisdiction:

(a) Observation of Courts. To observe the practical working of such courts and from time to time to make such reports or recommendations as the Committee may deem advisable for the purpose of improving the administration of justice in such courts.

(b) Investigate Qualifications of Judicial Candidates. Upon request of the Committee on the Judiciary, to investigate the qualifications of candidates for judicial office or for any other office connected with the administration of justice in such courts and to make reports and recommendations thereon to the Committee on the Judiciary.

(c) Investigate Conduct of Judiciary. To investigate the conduct of any judicial officer, or other officer or person holding a position connected with or related to the administration of justice in any of such courts, in violation of a proper standard of judicial or professional ethics or conduct or tending to afford ground for the impeachment or removal or other discipline of such judicial officer or other officer or person. The Committee may itself initiate any such investigation or may undertake the same upon complaint made to it. The Committee shall conduct the investigation and may hold hearings and examine witnesses under general rules which it may adopt with the approval of the Executive Committee. If as a result of the investigation and hearing a majority of the members of the Committee, all of which majority shall have heard the case, decide to recommend that action be taken adverse to the respondent, the matter shall be reported to the Executive Committee for such action as the Executive Committee shall deem advisable.

XVI Jurisdiction of Court Committees

There shall be the following standing committees having jurisdiction as defined by the title of the committee or as otherwise specified herein. Each such committee shall have a chair and up to thirty-six members, pursuant to By-Law XII (b).

1. A Committee on the Civil Court of the City of New York . The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to the Civil Court of the City of New York, the County and District Courts of the State of New York, and all other courts of limited jurisdiction in the State of New York that are not within the jurisdiction of another court committee.

2. A Committee on the Criminal Courts. The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to the Criminal Courts of the City of New York and all other courts, or parts of other courts, in the State of New York having criminal jurisdiction.

3. A Committee on the Family Court and Family Law. The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to the Family Court of the State of New York , and such other courts, or parts of other courts, in the City or State of New York as are or may hereafter be created for the purpose of dealing primarily with family matters. The Committee shall also have jurisdiction with respect to family law, including divorce, separation, annulment, actions for dissolution of marriage, neglect, family conciliation, support, custody, adoption, foster care, termination of parental rights, paternity and family offenses. The Committee's jurisdiction shall not extend to issues concerning juvenile delinquency and persons-in-need-of-supervision.

4. A Committee on the Federal Courts. The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to all Federal courts, including the United States Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeals for the Circuits, the District Courts, the Court of Claims, the Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, the Court of International Trade, and Tax Court.

5. A Committee on State Courts of Superior Jurisdiction. The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to the Court of Appeals of the State of New York , the Court of Claims of the State of New York , the Supreme Court of the State of New York and the Appellate Terms and Divisions of the Supreme Court. Whenever in the judgment of the Chair of the Committee there is need for additional members of the Committee with respect to evaluating judicial candidates, the Chair may appoint, subject to the approval of the President, not more than ten "interim members" for such period of service as the Chair shall designate, but not to exceed six months. Interim members shall be selected by the Chair from among those persons who shall have served at least one full term as members of the Committee.

6. A Committee on Trusts, Estates and Surrogates' Courts. The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to the Surrogates' Courts in the State of New York , all matters within the jurisdiction of such courts, trusts, estates of decedents, infants and incompetents, and the taxation of or an imposition of duties on estates, trusts, inheritances and gifts under federal or state law.

7. A Committee on the Housing Court . The Committee shall have jurisdiction with respect to the Housing Part of the Civil Court of the City of New York .

XVII Committee on the Judiciary

1. There shall be a standing Committee on the Judiciary, which shall have a chair, up to two vice chairs to be appointed by the President, and forty-eight appointed members. In addition to the appointed members, persons who are serving as Chairs of the committees listed in By-Law XVI, persons who are serving as Chairs of the Committee on Bankruptcy and Corporate Reorganization and the Committee on International Trade, and persons who shall have served as Presidents of the Association shall be ex officio members of the Committee with all the rights and responsibilities of appointed members, including the right to vote. Notwithstanding any other provision of these by-laws the committee year for the Committee on the Judiciary shall run from June 15 through June 14. If a Committee Chair serving as ex officio on the Committee on the Judiciary shall hold a judicial office or any other office connected with the administration of justice as set forth in Section 2 of this by-law, the President shall appoint another member of that Chair's committee to serve in the place of said Chair on the Committee on the Judiciary.

Whenever in the judgment of the Chair of the Committee there is need for additional members of the Committee, the Chair may appoint, subject to the approval of the President, not more than fifteen "interim members" for such period of service as the Chair shall designate, but not to exceed six months. Interim members shall have all the rights and responsibilities of appointed members, including the right to vote, during the designated period of their service and shall be selected by the Chair from among those persons who shall have served at least one full term as members of the Committee on the Judiciary.

2. The Committee shall endeavor to secure the nomination, election certification, or appointment of qualified candidates, to prevent the nomination, election, certification, or appointment of unqualified candidates, and to prevent political considerations from outweighing fitness in the selection of candidates for judicial office or for any other office connected with the administration of justice in the Court of Claims of the State of New York, state courts in the City of New York, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, the United States District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, (including the Bankruptcy Court within said Districts), and the Court of International Trade, or for the Office of District Attorney of any county within the City of New York or of United States Attorney in the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York. The Committee shall consider the fitness of candidates proposed for nomination, appointment, or certification, or nominated for election to any such office, and may confer with any person or group with respect to any such candidate. The Committee may prepare a list or lists of persons qualified to hold any such office and may confer with any person or group with respect thereto.

3. Any candidate for election, appointment or certification who has appeared before the Committee on the Judiciary shall be notified promptly of the conclusion of the Committee with respect to the candidate's fitness. If the Committee finds the candidate "Not Approved" by a vote of those members present and voting, with at least four such members or twenty-five percent thereof dissenting, whichever is less, the candidate may appeal to the Executive Committee from the finding of the Committee on the Judiciary within such time as may be specified by the Executive Committee pursuant to rules adopted by the Executive Committee for perfecting such appeals. For the purposes of hearing and deciding such appeals, the Executive Committee shall consist of all current elected and ex officio members of the Executive Committee and all elected and ex officio members of the Executive Committee whose terms expired at the last preceding annual meeting. In the event of an appeal, the Executive Committee shall apprise the candidate's representative or the candidate, upon the request of either, of the nature of the information on which the conclusion of the Committee on the Judiciary was based, but the source of confidential communications received by the Committee on the Judiciary shall not be disclosed. Subject to any resolution or regulations adopted by the Executive Committee, the Executive Committee or a subcommittee thereof designated to hear a particular appeal shall determine the scope of review and procedure on appeal. Unless otherwise ordered by the Executive Committee, or by the Association, no determination from which an appeal might have been taken to the Executive Committee shall be subject to review by the Association unless the candidate shall have appealed and such appellate remedy has been exhausted and then only pursuant to the provisions of Article VIII of the constitution pertaining to the calling of special meetings.

4. All proceedings of the Committee on the Judiciary, the Executive Committee or any subcommittee of either relating to the fitness of any such candidate shall remain confidential.

5. Notwithstanding any other provision of these by-laws, the Executive Committee may authorize the Committee on the Judiciary to establish joint panels or subcommittees with county bar associations within the City of New York for the purpose of interviewing and conducting other inquiries with respect to candidates for nomination, election, certification or appointment to judicial office in the respective county of each such bar association, pursuant to agreements between this Association and such other bar associations. The Executive Committee may also authorize the Chair of the Committee on the Judiciary from time to time to appoint to the Committee additional members designated by county bar associations within the City of New York, when the Committee is considering candidates for appointment, election or certification to judicial office in the respective county of each such association and such additional members shall have the right to vote as members of the Committee on the Judiciary during the consideration of the qualifications of such candidates. [9]

XVIII Intramural Committees

There shall be the intramural committees listed below. The members thereof shall be appointed annually, and all vacancies filled, by the President. Unless the Executive Committee otherwise directs, the provisions of Paragraphs (i)-(o) of By-Law XII shall apply to such committees.

1. A Committee on the Association's Insurance Plans consisting of a Chair and such number of members as the President deems advisable. The Committee shall supervise the operation of any insurance plan available to members of the Association, mediate any dispute arising between any member of the Association and any underwriter of or agent for any such plan, and advise the Treasurer and the Executive Committee from time to time of any change that should be made in any such plan and as to the availability of any other plan. The Committee shall advise the Treasurer, the Executive Committee and the House Committee with respect to any appropriate matter relating to the insurance of any property owned by or located on the premises of the Association. The Committee shall also advise the Treasurer, the Executive Committee and the Committee on Personnel Policy with respect to any appropriate matter relating to health and life insurance for employees of the Association.

2. A Committee on Honors of not more than nine members and a Chair. The President and Chair of the Executive Committee shall also be members of the Committee ex officio. The Committee shall have authority to consider and recommend to the Executive Committee proposed recipients for Honorary Membership, the Association Medal and other special awards that are approved from time to time by the Executive Committee.

3. A House Committee of up to six members and a Chair. Except with respect to matters within the jurisdiction of the Library Committee, the Committee shall supervise the maintenance, equipment, decoration, and operation of the House of the Association, and other buildings or parts of buildings used for Association activities and shall recommend to the Executive Committee proposed rules regulating the use of the House of the Association and other buildings used for Association activities.

4. A Committee on Investment of Funds of a Chair and such number of members as the President deems advisable. The Committee shall examine from time to time the investments owned by the Association or in which the Association has an interest and make recommendations to the Treasurer concerning the sale or retention of such investments and the investment of the Association's funds, and may retain investment counsel. The Treasurer may execute the Committee's recommendations without further authorization or may refer such recommendations to the Executive Committee for directions.

5. A Committee on Benefit Plans for Association Employees of a Chair and such number of members as the President deems advisable. The Committee shall have the duty to advise the President, Executive Committee, the Plan Administration Committee for the Benefit Plans of the Association and the Plan Administrator of any benefit plans maintained by the Association in connection with all legal matters relating to such plans, and shall perform such other advisory functions in connection with benefit plans as may from time to time be assigned to it by the Executive Committee or the President.

6. A Committee on Personnel Policy of a Chair and such number of members as the President deems advisable. The Committee shall review and oversee the personnel policies of the Association and shall perform such other duties in connection with the personnel and labor relation policies of the Association as may from time to time be assigned to it by the President or the Executive Committee.

7. A Committee on Association Property Management of a Chair and such number of members as the President deems advisable. The Committee shall supervise the leasing of space by the Association in any building outside the House, any matters concerning the subleasing of such space and any matters of taxation or building department regulation concerning either the House of the Association or any leased space in any other building.

The Committee shall consult with the House Committee in any matters involving the House of the Association.

XIX Effect of Disbarment, Conviction of Crime or Suspension from Practice

Any member of the Association who shall be disbarred from practice in any state or Federal court shall, except as provided below, be deemed expelled from the Association and any member who shall be suspended from practice in any state or Federal court shall be deemed suspended from membership until reinstated by said court. Said expulsion or suspension shall take effect upon the Association's receipt of a duly authenticated copy of the order or judgment of the court. Upon reinstatement, the suspended member shall again be a member of the Association and shall not be required to pay dues for the period during which he or she was suspended.

XX Misconduct in the House of the Association

1. No person who enters the House of the Association shall unreasonably interfere with other persons' use of the Association, or engage in behavior which is disruptive of the activities of the Association.

2. The President or Executive Director, or any officer or employee designated by either of said officials, shall have the authority to utilize any lawful means to cause the removal from the House of the Association of any person who violates the provisions of paragraph 1.

3. Any member of the Association who violates the provisions of paragraph 1, or who engages in misconduct in the member's relations to the Association (not involving any matter referred to in By-Law XI or By-Law XIX) may be suspended, expelled, or otherwise disciplined by the affirmative vote of a majority of the whole Executive Committee. Prior to such vote said member shall receive written notice that such action may be taken and the opportunity to make a written submission. Any member who is suspended or expelled in accordance with this section shall be eligible for a refund in dues to be pro-rated according to the number of days in the dues period during which the member shall have lost the privileges of membership through expulsion or suspension.

XXI Privileges to Others Than Members

1. The President of the United States, the Attorney General of the United States, the Governor and the Attorney General of the State of New York, the Mayor of the City of New York, the judges or justices of all courts in the State of New York and of all Federal courts, and the consuls of foreign states resident in the City of New York shall have free use of the Library and reading room of the Association.

2. The Executive Committee may extend any privileges of the Association upon such terms and conditions as it may deem advisable to any person or class of persons, including members of other law-related institutions.

3. A member may personally introduce a guest for one day by personal letter addressed to the Chair of the House Committee. No person so introduced may again be introduced during that calendar year.

4. The House Committee may issue cards admitting non-members who wish to use the Library for some special purpose, set forth in a written application to such Committee, to the free use thereof and of the reading rooms for such limited period as it may in each case prescribe. The Director of Library Services shall be responsible for the proper administration of this provision as it relates to the use of the Library.

5. Persons who are graduates of law schools but are not eligible for any class of membership, or persons who are in good standing at a law school and are employed by a member of the Association, may be granted the use of the Library subject to such rules and fees as the President may establish.

6. Employees of members will be granted the use of the Library upon presentation of Employee's Privilege Slips, subject to such rules and fees as the President may establish.

7. Subject to such rules or regulations as the House Committee may adopt, and to such fees, if any, as may from time to time be fixed by the House Committee, non-members may be permitted to use certain rooms in the building for conferences and meetings upon the application of a member.

XXII Use of Books and Property of the Association; Lending Library

No book or other article belonging to the Association shall be removed from the House except as directed by the Executive Committee, and except that, with the consent of the Executive Committee, the Library Committee may establish a lending library under such regulations as it may adopt with respect to the books and publications to be included therein and those to whom and the terms on which said books or publications may be loaned. The Library Committee shall provide suitable regulations for the production of books in court.

XXIII Nominating Committee; Election Procedures

1. On or before the tenth day of February of each year, (a) the Executive Committee shall nominate at least ten candidates from the membership for election to five positions on a Nominating Committee and shall post a list of such candidates in a conspicuous place in the House of the Association and (b) the Nominating Committee shall nominate a single candidate from the membership for each office and each membership on the Executive Committee and the Committee on Audit to be filled at the ensuing annual meeting and shall post a list of such candidates in the same place in the House of the Association. As soon as practicable following the posting of such nominations, the Secretary of the Association shall notify the membership by mail or electronic mail, referring in the notice to this by-law and listing the names so posted. Other nominations from the membership may be made by the posting in the same place, by not later than the forty-fifth day following the date of the mailing of said notice, such a day to be specified in the notice, of a petition for each candidate so proposed, designating the office or committee membership for which such candidate is proposed and signed by not fewer than twenty-five members. No member may sign more than five petitions for membership on the Nominating Committee, one petition for President, three petitions for Vice President, one petition for Secretary, one petition for Treasurer, such number of petitions for membership on the Executive Committee as there are vacancies to be filled, and five petitions for membership on the Committee on Audit for any election. As soon as practicable after the posting of a petition nominating a candidate for office or committee membership, the Secretary of the Association shall notify any member who has been so nominated by petition of the posting of such petition. No member shall be nominated unless his or her consent in writing to such nomination has been obtained.

2. The Secretary, at least twenty days prior to the date of the annual meeting, shall mail (with a return envelope) a paper ballot or shall provide a method of voting electronically to every member of the Association. In the event that there is no contest for any office or committee membership (other than for membership on the Nominating Committee), the ballot shall so advise the membership and, in lieu of calling upon the membership to vote for the single candidate who has been nominated for such office or committee membership, shall state that at the annual meeting the Secretary is empowered to cast a unanimous ballot for the single candidate nominated for each such office or committee membership.

3. If any candidate nominated by the Executive Committee or the Nominating Committee for any vacancy shall become unavailable before the annual meeting, the Executive Committee or the Nominating Committee, as the case may be, shall withdraw such nomination and shall nominate a new candidate for the vacancy. The Secretary shall notify the membership of any such new candidate. In the event any such new nomination for any vacancy is made by the Executive Committee or the Nominating Committee after March 15, additional nominations for that vacancy may be made by petition signed by not fewer than twenty-five members and filed not more than twenty days after the Secretary shall have notified the membership of the new candidate. If any new candidate is required to be nominated pursuant to this paragraph, the Executive Committee in its discretion may adjourn the annual meeting. A ballot, in the form described in paragraph 2 of this by-law, containing the names of all the candidates, including any new nominees, and superseding all prior ballots, if any, shall be mailed to the membership twenty days prior to the date of the annual meeting or any adjournment thereof.

4. In order to cast a ballot, the member shall (a) if voting by means of a mailed ballot and return envelope, sign his or her name in the place provided therefore on the return envelope and return the ballot to the Association in the return envelope provided or, (b) if voting electronically, vote in accordance with the instructions provided by the Executive Committee. Each member may vote for five candidates for membership on the Nominating Committee and, to the extent that contests exist for such offices or committee memberships as described in paragraph 3 of this by-law, for one candidate for President, three candidates for Vice President, one candidate for Secretary, one candidate for Treasurer, such number of candidates for membership on the Executive Committee as there are vacancies to be filled and five candidates for membership on the Committee on Audit. Any ballot cast by mail or electronically must be received by the Association not later than noon of the day of the annual meeting. Any ballot returned by hand must be filed not later than fifteen minutes after the opening of the annual meeting.

5. Only nominations made as provided in this by-law shall be voted upon at the annual meeting or any adjournment thereof.

6. As soon as practicable following the annual meeting, the Executive Committee shall designate two additional persons to serve as members of the Nominating Committee together with the five members thereof elected at the annual meeting, and the President shall designate one of the members of the Nominating Committee to serve as its Chair.

7. The members of the Nominating Committee shall enter upon their duties immediately upon their election or designation, as the case may be, and shall hold office until their respective successors are elected or are designated. A vacancy in the membership of the Nominating Committee shall be filled until the next annual meeting (a) by the Nominating Committee, if such vacancy relates to one of the five members of such Committee elected by the membership, or (b) by the Executive Committee, if such vacancy relates to one of the two members of such Committee designated by the Executive Committee.

8. The Executive Committee may make regulations not inconsistent with this by-law.

XXIV Indemnification of Officers, Committee Members and Employees

1. Indemnification. The Association shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, by reason of the fact that he or she is or was an officer, committee member or employee of the Association at the time of such party’s conduct in question, against expenses, including reasonable attorney’s fees, judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement, actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if he or she acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Association and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful.

2. Advance Payment. Expenses including attorneys’ fees reasonably incurred in defending a civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit or proceeding may be paid by the Association in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of the officer, committee member or employee of the Association to repay such amount if it is ultimately determined that he or she is not entitled to be indemnified by the Association as authorized by this by-law.

3. Insurance. The Association may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was an officer, committee member or employee of the Association against any liability asserted against the person and incurred by such person or on such person’s behalf in any capacity as an officer, committee member or employee of the Association whether or not the Association would have to indemnify against such liability under the provisions of this by-law.

XXV Amendment of By-Laws

These by-laws may be amended at any meeting of the Association. The affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members present and voting at such meeting shall be required for the adoption of any amendment. No proposed amendment shall be submitted to a vote unless notice of the proposed amendment shall have been included by the Secretary in the notice or call of the meeting, together with the text of the proposed amendment. Unless the Executive Committee otherwise directs, no notice of a proposed amendment shall be so included in the notice or call of a meeting unless notice in writing or electronic mail of the proposed amendment shall have been given to the Executive Committee ten days prior thereto.

Footnotes to the By-Laws

1. "Resolved, that the Executive Committee of the Association shall meet once a month on the first Wednesday following the first Tuesday of each month except during the months of July and August. If such day should in any year be a holiday, the meeting shall be held at the same hour on the first business day following such holiday. Such meetings shall be held at 4: 00 p.m. , unless the Chair directs otherwise." (Executive Committee, March 8, 1972, as amended September 11, 1991.)

2. "Resolved, that the Executive Committee establish a standing Subcommittee on Administration, which shall be a committee of the Board pursuant to Section 712 of the New York Not-For-Profit Corporation Law. The Subcommittee shall be authorized to act on behalf of the Executive Committee with regard to resolutions proposed by the Treasurer of the Association as to matters which are in the ordinary course of Association business, including receipt and approval of the Treasurer's monthly reports, action on resignations and striking from and restoring to the rolls, investments, modification of committee budget allocations and like matters; and

"Further Resolved, that the Subcommittee on Administration, working in conjunction with the Treasurer, shall monitor the preparation of the Association's annual proposed budget and thereafter monitor the financial performance of the Association under the budget as adopted, and shall assist the Treasurer in reporting any matters of significance to the Executive Committee; and

"Further Resolved, that the Subcommittee on Administration act upon such other business matters of a routine character as might be referred to it from time to time by the President, the Treasurer, the Chair of the Executive Committee, or by the Executive Committee itself. Notwithstanding the scope of authority described above, the President, the Chair of the Executive Committee or the Executive Committee itself may recall from the Subcommittee on Administration for consideration by the entire Executive Committee any item as to which the best interests of the Association appears to require such action; and

"Further Resolved, that the Subcommittee on Administration shall meet at least once a month, except during July and August, and that it will keep minutes of its meetings which will be distributed to the Executive Committee promptly upon the approval of the minutes by the Subcommittee on Administration." (Executive Committee, September 13, 1978, as amended October 5, 1988 and May 8, 1991.)

3. "Resolved, that law school graduates applying for membership under Section 2 of By-Law X shall not be charged an admission fee if their applications are submitted to the Association within six months of their date of graduation, or within twelve months of their date of graduation if they purchase a "passport" that allows attendance at "Bridge the Gap" Continuing Legal Education programs presented by the Association." (Executive Committee, February 3, 1993 . Amended, April 8, 1998 .)

4. Please note the following Executive Committee Resolutions concerning dues:

"Resolved, that upon the application of any affected member, it shall be the policy of the Executive Committee to reduce the dues by fifty percent (50%) for any resident member of the Association who has paid dues to the Association for twenty-five or more years, has attained the age of sixty years, and is not engaged in the active practice of law, the full-time teaching of law or other full-time law-related activity." (Executive Committee, March 5, 1975.)

"Resolved, that it shall be the policy of the Executive Committee not to include the years during which one has paid House and Library privilege fees in computing the number of years one has paid dues to the Association for purposes of exemption from or reduction of dues; and to include the years during which one was a judicial member or a member in military service in computing the number of years one has paid dues to the Association for the purposes of exemption from or reduction of dues." (Executive Committee, June 8, 1977.)

"Resolved, that upon the application of any affected member, it shall be the policy of the Executive Committee to reduce the dues of any retired judge or justice who has been a judicial member of the Association for at least ten years to an amount equivalent to that paid by judicial members." (Executive Committee, February 3, 1988.)

"Resolved, that upon application of any affected member, it shall be the policy of the Executive Committee to reduce the dues of any member for any semiannual period to the lowest dues payable by resident members who have been members of the profession for six or more but less than eight years, provided that such member certifies that the adjusted gross income attributable to such member shown on the Federal income tax return filed by such member for the prior calendar year was less than $80,000 and that such member expects that the adjusted gross income attributable to such member to be shown on the Federal income tax return to be filed for the current calendar year will be less than $80,000." (Executive Committee, December 8, 1976, as amended March 4, 1994, March 5, 1997 and September 6, 2001.)

"Resolved, that for the purposes of Article XI, Section 11 of the By-Laws of the Association, upon the application of any affected member, it shall be the policy of the Executive Committee to waive the dues of any member for any semi-annual period provided that the member certifies to his or her current unemployment and provided that no more than four such consecutive semi-annual waivers shall ordinarily be available to any member; and

"Further Resolved, that upon the application of any affected lawyer, it shall be the policy of the Executive Committee to waive back dues for any unemployed lawyer seeking reinstatement after having previously been struck from the membership roll for being default in the payment of dues. (Executive Committee, December 4, 1991.)

5. Resolved, that the following persons shall not be charged an admission fee when joining the Association:

(1) law students;

(2) law school graduates who apply for membership within two years of their date of graduation;

(3) members in good standing in a bar association formed primarily to advance the interests of women, African Americans, Latino, Asian American, Native American, disabled or gay and lesbian lawyers; and

(4) lawyers or law school graduates in a law practice that agrees (on an annual basis) to enroll and pay the dues of all lawyers who join such practice and who are admitted less than six years, and who do not express a preference for another bar association."

(Executive Committee, June 14, 2000 )

6. "Resolved, that pursuant to By-Law XII (a) the size of all standing committees is fixed at thirty-nine (39) members, except that the President is authorized to establish a lower number of members of any standing committee, divisible by units of three, not smaller than the present number of members of any such committee, prior to the first annual meeting of a committee, when in the discretion of the President, after consultation with the Chair of the committee, the President determines that a smaller number is appropriate for the ensuing year." (Executive Committee, May 5, 1982 . As amended May 28, 1996 and June 15, 2011 .)

7. "Resolved, that pursuant to the policy expressed in By-Law XIII no member of the Association may cause or permit himself or herself to be identified as a member of any committee thereof in connection with the publication of any article or statement by such member, unless such article, statement or identification is being published with the authority of the Association or of the committee with which the writer is so identified without the prior approval of the President." (Executive Committee, January 8, 1975.)

8. "Resolved, that the Executive Director of the Association is designated to receive additional copies of reports or written statements to be filed pursuant to sections (g) and (h) of By-Law XIV." (Executive Committee, April 8, 1981.)

9. "Resolved, that upon the adoption of the proposed new Paragraph 5 of By-Law XVIII, the Committee on the Judiciary is authorized to participate in joint panels with the New York County Lawyers' Association, Brooklyn Bar Association, Bronx County Bar Association and other county bar associations within the City of New York for the purpose of interviewing and conducting other inquiries with respect to candidates for election or appointment as judges pursuant to agreements between this Association and such other bar associations; and

"Further Resolved, that upon the adoption of the proposed Paragraph 5 of By-Law XVIII, the Chair of the Committee on the Judiciary is authorized to appoint as additional members of the Committee when acting with respect to candidates for appointment to judicial office not more than three additional members designated by the county bar association in the respective county of such candidate." (Executive Committee, April 8, 1981.)

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